Does increased security spending increase security?

On  February  22, President Trump proposed a US$54 billion increase in defence and security spending. This increase will come, in part, from a reported 37 per cent cut to the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) – the country’s foreign aid body. Currently, foreign aid makes up 1 per cent of the US federal budget and 2 per cent of the Canadian federal budget. With President Trump’s announcement, Canada is in a position to respond  to  significant changes in  the  international aid  sphere.

When discussing the proposed increase in defence spending,  President Trump  cited the  importance  of  a  robust military to ensure the security of the American public. His rational, however, is not without  dispute.  There  is a strong argument to be made that national security depends, in large part, on international peace and stability.

Over 120 retired U.S. generals and  admirals  made  just  this argument  in  a  letter  to  Congress, stating that “development agencies   are   critical   to   pre- venting  conflict  and  reducing the  need  to  put  our  men  and women  in uniform  in  harm’s way.”  When  governments  and international   non-governmental organizations (INGOs), like Canadian  Physicians  for Aid and  Relief  (CPAR),   address climate  change,  gender  inequity, food and  water  scarcity, poor  access  to  healthcare, and  compromised opportunities  for  youth,  they are, in effect, contributing to national and global security infrastructures.

Examples of the importance  of  these  pro- grams   abound,   among them the   Arab   Spring.

These uprisings were driven not only by political and economic  stressors,  but,  also,  by hunger and compromised livelihoods. The first Syrians to protest against Bashar Al-Assad included many poor farmers who had been displaced by drought and the government’s destruction of infrastructure and irrigation systems. Protesters in Tunisia brandished baguettes, while in Egypt, revolutionary chants demanded, “Bread, freedom, and social justice”.

Institutions, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations Security Council, make cases for increased youth employment and gender equity as crucial to preventing conflict. And USAID reports that when 10  per cent more girls attend school, a country’s GDP increases by an average of 3 per cent, leading to greater economic and social stability. Militarized responses, on the other hand, address symptoms rather than root causes, and alone, are insufficient in responding to increasingly complex and interwoven cultures and nations.

Prime Minister Trudeau seems to agree that strong development indicators are critical to peace and security. In September of last year, he traveled to Africa promising to “strengthen relations with our African part- ners and advance issues, such as the rights of women and girls, gender equality, health and peace and security.”

A commitment to foreign aid ensures that future generations will inherit a more peaceful and stable world. With President Trump’s proposed budget changes,  Canadian   INGOs like CPAR are looking towards Prime Minister Trudeau and Canadian citizens to help promote the universal values of peace, democracy, and social progress.

To learn more about CPAR please visit us at www.cpar.ca or call 1-800-263-2727.

“Whether our task is fighting poverty, stemming the spread of disease or saving innocent lives from mass murder, we have seen that we cannot succeed without the leadership of the strong and the engagement of all.”  -Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the United Nations

Dusanka Pavlica
Dusanka is Executive Director of Canadian Physicians for Aid and Relief (CPAR).

Founded in 1984 in response to the famine in Ethiopia, CPAR is a non-profit organiza- tion working in partnership with vulnerable communities to overcome poverty and build healthy communities in Africa.

www.cpar.ca