Violence Against Women: 6 ways women’s human rights are violated around the world

CanWaCH Gender Equality Blog Series 

While progress has been made, we are far from ending violence against women and girls. Gender inequality persists worldwide and fuels gender-based violence.

How big is the problem? The World Health Organization describes violence against women and girls as a global health problem of epidemic proportions”. UN Women considers it a pandemic.

November 25, International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, marks the beginning of 16 Days of Action to end Gender-Based Violence – a campaign that has been running since 1981. The campaign ends on December 10th – Human Rights Day.

Here are six ways women's human rights are violated every day around the world through gender-based violence:

Intimate Partner Violence
(Photo by Omar Lopez on Unsplash)

One in 3 women worldwide has experienced physical or sexual violence.  Most often, this violence is committed by an intimate partner.

Some national studies show that up to 70 per cent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime. According to UNICEF, around the world, approximately 15 million adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19) have experienced forced sex at some point in their life. 

The physical and mental health consequences are severe:

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting
Kichwa Tembo House, Malindi, Kenya (Photo by John McArthur on Unsplash)

Today 200 million women worldwide are living with female genital cutting/mutilation, a practice that includes many health risks, including haemorrhage, infertility, ongoing severe pelvic pain, complications in childbirth, HIV, psychological trauma and death.

Child Marriage
(Photo by Trevor Cole on Unsplash)

Child marriage is one of the most damaging forms of violence.

Twenty-five million child marriages were prevented in the last decade, but still, over 150 million girls are likely to marry by 2030. Every year 12 million girls are married before they turn 18.

The number of women and girls alive today that were married before their 18th birthday is estimated at a whopping 650 million.

Girls who marry in childhood are at greater risk for intimate partner violence than girls of the same age who marry later. Tragically, child brides face higher risks of death in childbirth. Globally, complications in pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death among 15 to 19-year-old girls. Early pregnancy driven by child marriage also makes girls particularly vulnerable to pregnancy-related injuries such as obstetric fistula.

Nine out of ten of the countries with the highest rates of child marriage are in fragile states.

Humanitarian Crises
(Photo by pixpoetry on Unsplash)

Humanitarian crises, including conflict and post-conflict situations, increase women’s vulnerability to violence.

In some crisis-affected countries, 70 per cent of women experience gender-based violence. More than half of all maternal, newborn and child deaths occur in humanitarian settings.

Yet, in humanitarian assistance, gender equality is not prioritized. According to recent statistics, only five per cent of foreign aid to fragile states is targeted to gender equality.

Human Trafficking
(Photo by Eneida Hoti on Unsplash)

Living in fragile and humanitarian contexts and forced migration puts women and girls at increased risk for human trafficking. The 2016 Report on Human Trafficking showed that 71 per cent of all trafficking victims worldwide are women and girls. 75 per cent of trafficked women and girls are trafficked for sexual slavery

Economic Inequalities
(Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash)

Violence against women and girls negatively impacts women’s capacity to fully access the right to education, employment and civic life.

Violence has a serious impact on women’s right to livelihood. The earnings of women in formal paid work exposed to severe partner violence are estimated to be 60 per cent lower than women who are not.

It also has a major economic cost to society.

The cost of violence against women was estimated by the UN in 2016 at 2 per cent of the global gross domestic product (GDP). That’s approximately $1.5 trillion, or the size of the economy of Canada. Costs of the healthcare systems, include emergency room visits, primary care visits, mental health counselling and related services. Taking a comprehensive approach, including healthcare costs, McKinsey researchers calculated recently that violence against women costs the United States upwards of $500 billion annually.

What about Gender-based Violence in Canada?

(Photo by Scott Walsh on Unsplash)

Women and girls face high risks of violence in Canada. It’s estimated that half of all women in Canada have experienced at least one incident of physical or sexual violence since the age of 16 and Indigenous women and girls are dramatically disproportionately affected. Indigenous women are physically and sexually assaulted almost three times more often than non-Indigenous women in Canada.

Here are four ways you can make a difference: 

It’s time to end violence against women and girls.

Join the 16 Days of Activism campaign to end gender-based violence

You can share your photos, messages and videos showing how you are participating in the campaign on the ‘Orange the World’ Facebook page Use #orangetheworld and #HearMeToo hashtags on Twitter and Instagram.

Take action in the lead up to Women Deliver 2019
women standing together

Join the Women Deliver 2019 Mobilization and take action to end gender-based violence!

Canada will host Women Deliver 2019, the world’s largest conference on the health, rights and wellbeing of women and girls in June 2019. There is a growing movement across Canada which is seizing upon the global spotlight that comes with the conference to make real progress on gender equality. A key action area for the mobilization is working to end gender-based violence.

Advocate for action within health systems
(Photo by Matheus Ferrero on Unsplash)

Advocacy within health systems is part of the solution. The World Health Organization’s guidelines for addressing violence against women in health systems include:

  • Training health care providers on intimate partner violence and sexual violence
  • Offering comprehensive care including emergency contraception and the prevention of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Integrating care for women who experience intimate partner violence into health care policy and services
Learn the facts about violence against women and spread the word
Artwork for the UN Women interactive website, Violence Against Women: Facts Everyone Should Know. (Image by UN Women)

Check out UN Women’s interactive factsheet: Violence Against Women: Facts Everyone Should Know

By Kristen Ostling, Senior Gender Equality Advisor, CanWaCH

This post is a part of the Gender Equality Matters blog series which tackles a range of pressing issues related to gender equality. This series examines urgent challenges, profiles success stories and provides timely insight on key issues in global health through a gender equality lens. Click here to subscribe to the Gender Equality Matters blog series.